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Artificial Intelligence

Artificial Intelligence, and the impact it will have on our society

AI – most commonly known as artificial intelligence.

As a society, we have already embedded AI into our normal daily livings. Do you search on google search engines? Do you use facial recognition on your phone? Do you have a voice-controlled device in your home? Most people would just think that these devices are just modern-day valuables.

But with technology increasing at a rapid rate, how far will AI go? Could AI cure diseases like cancer or HIV? Or could humans use a personalised robot as a house assistant? This may sound exciting to some, but one of the world’s most reputable physicists, Stephen Hawking, shows extreme scepticism towards AI.

The scientist explained at the opening of the Leverhulme Centre for the Future of Intelligence (LCFI) at Cambridge University that AI will be “either the best, or the worst thing, ever to happen to humanity”.

 

 

The Oxford English Dictionary defines artificial intelligence as “the study and development of computer systems that can copy intelligent human behaviour”, and Bernard Marr has categorised AI into four categories:

Reactive

Reactive AIhas no memory, and only responds to certain stimuli. This is the oldest type of AI and does not have learning ability. It can only automatically respond to a limited set or a combination of inputted information. IBMs Deep blue – a computer that in 1997, beat chess-master Garry Kasparov – is the best example of reactive technology.

Limited memory

Limited AI uses memory to learn and improve its response. Limited memory technology is capable of learning from previously inputted data from the introduction of algorithms back in 2012, and according to Forbes “nearly all existing applications that we know of come under this category of AI”. Google search engine is an example of limited memory, as it uses algorithms from data inputted, but can also interpret data it observes, and adjust when necessary.

Theory of mind

Theory of mind AI understands the needs of other intelligent entities. Bernard Marr explains that the theory of mind technology “are machines [that] acquire decision-making capabilities equal to humans”. Theory of mind level AI can understand what it is interacting with, judging its characteristics and thought processes. Sophie the Robot is the latest milestone in the theory of mind AI.

Self-aware

This type of technology has human-like intelligence and self-awareness. These machines will be fully aware of not only human emotions, but of their own. Currently, this AI is not yet been produced.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

What is the impact AI will have our society?

Computer scientist Dr. Kai-Fu Lee explained in an interview with CBS that artificial intelligence “is going to change the world more than anything in the history of mankind. More than electricity.” And here are some examples of how AI could change our lives. Whether for the good or bad, you can decide.

Smart homes

The obvious example that AI could change our lives is AI for personal use. Homes are becoming smarter and smarter, as most households now contain artificial intelligence. Smartphones are the best example. Statista states that 3.8 billion people have access to a smartphone, meaning over a third of the global population has access to a device that can augment reality, recognise faces and fingerprints, and can predict text. Additionally, the first-ever smart fridge was introduced in the year 2000 and has surged in popularity. However, Times reports that in the next 10 years it is predicted that households will contain a robot kitchen arm used for helping people with the cooking, smart showers with voice control, and shape-shifting furniture.

Smart cities

Believe it or not, cities are also using AI. Countries in the European Union – and yes, that does include ex-member  United Kingdom – have started to implement AI, which according to the union’s website “enable[es]ing smart urban solutions brings multiple benefits, including more efficient energy, water and waste management, reduced pollution, noise and traffic congestions”.

Organisation ASME have reported the top 10 upcoming smart cities, naming Singapore, Oslo, New York, London, and Dubai as examples. Also, Forbes regards that in the “Chinese city of Hangzhou, an AI-based smart “City Brain” has helped to reduce traffic jams by 15 percent”. Moreover, sources predict that “automated visual garbage sorting using robots, visual inspection of power transmission lines using drones equipped with cameras” will be implemented, and potentially a microchip – that will be planted in a human hand – could be used for future payments.

Smart militaries

Finally, it has been reported that various countries are starting to use AI in their military. Scholar Elsa Kania conveys that the “Chinese military and China’s defense industry have been pursuing significant investments in robotics, swarming, and other applications of artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning (ML)”.

Contrarily, journalist Harry Lea explains that China’s interest in using AI or military uses has forced the US to take action, in which previous US secretary of defence Mark Esper explained that “China believes it can leapfrog our current technology and go straight to the next generation.”

Yes, the world does seem technological. However, how reliant are we as a society becoming on AI?

The future is looking like our homes may be reliant on intelligent furniture, but will robots fight future wars?

Vaccine Passports – the for and the against

It’s strange to think that as a society, we are going to have to provide a vaccination passport to endure our personal freedoms.

 

To stop the spread of COVID-19, and the deaths of loved ones, the world has turned its reliance towards a heavily studies vaccine.

 

But is there a price to pay? Is it right for our personal freedoms to be put at stake? 

 

Many countries around the globe are introducing vaccine passports, that will be mandatory for everyday living activities. In countries like the United Kingdom, Italy, and France, they have already been implemented.

 

All three countries require an individual to have two shots of the vaccine to travel abroad, or to have a negative PCR test. In addition, France mandates people to have the vaccine or a negative PCR test to visit a venue with more than 50 people. These venues include cafes, bars, and restaurants (or any venue with more than 50 people). Also, from September the British will require two jabs of a negative test to enter a nightclub.

 

The one thing these restrictions have caused is for society to divide – like religion and politics, these requirements have divided people over their personal beliefs. 

 

Is taking the vaccine for public safety the right thing to do? Or is having the choice to take it and not be restricted morally correct? 

 

The For 

 

From a survey of 6000 Italians, French, Germans, and Brits, all but Germany were in favour of vaccine passports for travel. Moreover, seven out of ten Britons were in favour of vaccine passports to travel, making the United Kingdom the most favoured country.

 

Of course, the main reason is to protect society, as the vaccine reduces chances of the virus mutating.

 

Also, the Guardian explains other reasons for the mandatory vaccines being to reopen the borders safely without fear of the virus, and for opportunities including work. The world has stalled, and by “getting a certificate, some individuals who have been deprived of access to certain work opportunities by the pandemic could benefit”. 

 

 

The Against 

 

World Wide Demonstration is an organisation that is “devoted to emboldening citizens to push back against Coronavirus related Restrictions in their countries”, and demonstrations have taken part in 180 cities globally. The reasoning for the protests are because people believe civil liberties and human rights are at risk.

 

According to the demonstration’s website, freedom of movement and health and liberties such as privacy are at stake due to mandatory vaccines.

 

Moreover, Liberty, an independent organisation that ” challenges injustice, defends freedom and campaigns to make sure everyone in the UK is treated fairly” has explained that the introduction of vaccine passports will “undermine relationships, seeding distrust and division”. The campaign further explains that mandatory vaccines are a “by-product of the failings of this Government’s entire pandemic response”.

 

We recognize that both sides are just as equally valid, but what do you think?

8 months later, is BREXIT a working-class mistake?

Do you remember Brexit?

Do you remember the constant media coverage? The family arguments over leave or remain? The political moment that taken down two prime ministers. 

I would be surprised if you do not. But since we now live in a pandemic, the media chooses to constantly report COVID-19 instead.

If you think Brexit is a thing of the past, you are wrong.

Over eight months have passed since the United Kingdom (UK) left the European Union (EU), and during those nine months, many sectors of the British economy have found themselves unprepared.

And those sectors happen to be predominantly working-class sectors.

But what does this mean?

The Financial Times report that since Britain left the EU, almost a third of British companies that trade with the EU have suffered a decline or loss of business. Moreover, combining Brexit and the pandemic, thinktank claims that Britain’s economy is on track to suffer more than £700bn.

People often shrug the idea of the country losing more than £700 billion. But realistically, it will collectively affect us in some way. And there is a high chance it will affect working-class people the most.

To start with, why is the economy important?

Scholar Devi Parameswari explains that the economy can help improve living standards, therefore making society a better place. According to the researcher, the economy is used towards institutions like science that “improves living standards. It partly depends on the priorities of society and what we consider most important”.

So now we know that the economy is important, what sectors will be hit the most?

The combination of Brexit and COVID-19 will affect the British one way or another. Investopedia has reported the “few winners” and the “many losers” of Brexit, and they suggest the fishing industry, and the food and agricultural sector – sectors that many working-class people work in – are two of the many losers of BREXIT. 

Nevertheless, the surprising winners of the Brexit vote are UK and EU manufacturing of specialised machine parts, the mining industry (that  professionals argue is unsustainable for the environment), and of course, US bankers.

What does this mean?

From the evidence suggesting which sectors will be hit the most, it is clear that working-class people will be affected the most. Intriguingly, statistics show that working-class men would be hit the most from Brexit. Yet statistics also show that 64% of the working class, and 55% of men voted for leave.

And with sectors such as the fishing industry – a predominantly working-class industry – having been “sold out”, was Brexit a working-class mistake? Or was it a plan?

According to the London Economic, the fishing industry is “worth <£500 million to UK GDP (or 0.1 percent, 0.02 per cent of GDP)”. The organisation further explains that since the industry has “no money with which [the tories has] to lobby… it was logical that the Tories wouldn’t care about fishing”.

Moreover, with the agricultural sector bringing 0.6% of GDP, do the politicians care about the farmers – with 56% of them voting to leave. Although the idea of making free trade deals, and receiving food from other countries is apparent. Yet, the working class will be the ones eating American chlorinated or hormone-pumped meat as they may not be able to afford food from the EU.

Although Thinktank reports that the economy is expected to grow by 5.7% this year and to recover its pre-pandemic level at the end of 2022, the working class must prepare themselves for the real disaster – Brexit.

A British man has been arrested in Germany, accused of Spying

A man from Briton has been arrested in Germany, in which he has been accused of spying for Russia.

Published on the German Office of the Federal Prosecutor website, the report accords that the man is called David S.

The man was a former worker for the British embassy based in Berlin.

London Metropolitan Police have also confirmed the arrest, which their website claims the man “commit[ed]Ing offences relating to being engaged in ‘Intelligence Agent activity’ (under German law)”.

Moreover, the report also states that he was arrested in Postdam – a city on the border of Berlin – as the 57-year-old lives there.

His house was also raided by German officials.

Nevertheless, the act to arrest the man was a joint British-German decision.

 

 

 

 

The report claims that on one occasion, the man transmitted documents of “professional activity” to a “representative of Russian Intelligence service”, which as a result the accused received cash.

The BBC explain that tensions between Russia and both the UK and Germany are “strained after several high-profile incidents”.

These incidents included incidents like the 2018 Novichok poisoning in the city of Salisbury and the poisoning of the Russian opposition leader Alexei Navalny who had to be treated in Germany.

Novichok means “newcomer” in Russian and Is an umbrella term of a number of “nerve agents developed by the Soviet Union in the 1970s and 1980s”.

[Image is owned by canadastock and was purchased from Shutterstock]

 

Do UFOs exist? Everything you need to know about UFOs

Do UFOs exist? Everything you need to know about UFOs

Most people will agree that one of the best views is the sky on a clear night.

Especially where there is no light pollution, such as in deserts or small towns, the eye can see as much as possible – the moon, the countless number of stars, and luckily maybe even a shooting star.
But there is one question that stalls even the smartest, and most experienced minds.
Is there anybody out there?
By anybody, most people think anything living. Anything extra-terrestrial. Anything alien.
The definition of alien according to the Oxford dictionary is strange and frightening. Something that is different from what you are used to. And this definition could apply to many contexts.
For example, an individual could be in an alien land; frightened and alone. Or a professional could see an alien object in the sky.
A professional like Nick Pope, a former civil servant for the UK government/Ministry of Defence. An established journalist and author. Through his experience of working, he is sure about one thing.
There are unexplainable unidentified flying objects in the sky.
Pope has explained that throughout his time of working with the government, he is confident that there are unknown objects that fly into the British air space – objects that could practically threaten Britain, and her society. And Pope’s job was to explore these objects.
“If there was something in our airspace, the government, the Ministry of Defence, or the air force needs to know what it is”, and the most logical reasoning for these objects was to assume they were from planet Earth.
“We asked ourselves for example, could some of it be from Russian aircraft probing our defences?”.
 Although logic suggests that a threatening country could send the aircraft, “you cannot rule out” the possibility of the unknown.
“If it is unknown, it is unknown. Could it be something else?”.
Could these unknown UFOs be extraterrestrial?
The professional explained that there have been some objects that had unexplainable moments, that government and Royal Air Force officials could not even explain.
“These UFOs were more advanced in terms of their speeds, their manoeuvres, and acceleration being better than ours”.

“For example, objects that were apparently capable of – according to visual sightings of the pilots and the radar data –were capable of doing a sharp right-hand turn. Or, moving from a very slow speed or a hover to high speeds in an instance. All sorts of things that if you asked an RAF pilot to do it, they would say the plane does not do that”.

“On many occasions, this has been reported with UFOs, no sonic boom is heard. So again, what is the mechanism for that?”.
This type of technology and physics is too advanced for humans, and this is the reason why Pope believes the government should carry on exploring UFOs, as the Ministry of Defence stopped the policy in 2009.
“The government stopped as they wanted to put their funds towards better defence”.
This contrasts with the USA, which recently the pentagon released a report that involved observations made by military aviators between the years 2004 and 2021.
The report is “largely inclusive” according to Intelligencer, and it conveys that the UFOs identified do not have “extraterrestrial origin… but that doesn’t mean the task force has ruled that possibility out, however”.
This is like Pope’s statement that it was “unnecessary for the British government to stop their investigations”.
“We did not have definitive proof that any of these things were extra-terrestrial, but neither did we rule out the possibility, and neither should we”.
When asked about what extra-terrestrial life could look like, Pope explains that people think of the “typical Hollywood aliens”.
“People think big green men with long arms”, but Pope explained that the slightest number of bacteria in space could prove that alien life exists.

“Science always tries to think big. So even that the slightest touch of bacteria could potentially mean that alien life does exist, that will not be enough for science”.

“They would expect something bigger, say outside our solar system”.
Will we ever find out if alien life exists? Well according to Pope, the only way is to keep on researching.

A new born baby with COVID-19? The story of a woman who gave birth whilst having the deadly virus

The story of a woman who gave birth whilst having the deadly virus

Giving birth is an act only a woman can experience. The patience, the changes, the pain, the trauma, and the eventual pleasure of biologically delivering a baby is life-changing. Nevertheless, giving birth during a global pandemic is also quite a challenge – a challenge which many couples did not expect to happen, which they have postponed or stopped their choice. According to data by the national statistics agency Istat, 50% of Germans and French have postponed the decision to have a baby; and 37% of Italians have abandoned the idea of having a baby. Despite birth rates dropping at an alarming rate, there are a few people who decided to have a baby. But there are also some people, like Stephanie McDowell, who gave birth with the COVID-19.

Stephanie McDowell, a Widnes resident, gave birth to her baby whilst being infected with the virus.

“It was the craziest experience of my life”, explained the mother, who originally tested positive for the virus on the 10th of January 2021. During this time, she was 36 weeks pregnant.

Originally, Steph decided to take a test after her mother tested positive. At first, she conducted a lateral flow test which came back negative. However, days later, symptoms started to develop – high temperature, and no taste or smell – resulting in her decision to take a PCR test. Steph explained that due to her symptoms, she had to isolate which she “was worried and cautious. No one understood anything. I could not turn to my family, as we were in lockdown”. The combination of being pregnant, living in a pandemic due to a ‘deadly virus’, and having to isolate herself because of her symptoms dramatically affected her mental health.  This comes concerning the NHS’s statement that pregnant women are in the “moderate risk (clinically vulnerable) group”. Pregnant women are “sometimes be more at risk from viruses like flu if you’re pregnant”.

“My anxiety was through the roof. I was worried and cautious. No one understood anything and I could not turn to my family”. Moreover, the thought of whether the virus could affect her “pregnancy, and more importantly my baby, was constantly on my mind”. However, during her isolation period Steph’s “most frightening thought” became reality.

Steph went into labour. “My waters broke, and as this was my first time I worried” explained Steph. But even thoug  h she had symptoms, the “routine was standard.

“There was no COVID procedure”.

“I first called the delivery suite, which the baby’s father drove us to the hospital. Once arriving, I was placed into a side room due to having symptoms. But because of the confusion, everybody was giving different advice”.

Even though McDowell’s waters broke on the Saturday, the staff allowed her to go home as “she was not in full labour”, but to return the following day for a routine check-up. She decided to go home “so she was not on her own”. Nonetheless, Steph’s labour progressed. The mother returned for the routine check-up, which due to her anxiety she requested medics to induce her the following day.

Steph encountered more problems during labour.

 

“I asked to take my partner in the room with me, which at first the nurses did not know if he could. There was a COVID nurse on the delivery suite, who takes charge of all of the people who have got symptoms or has COVID-19”. The nurse explained if her partner takes a test, which comes back as negative, he will be allowed in the delivery suite. But more confusion occurred once a nurse questioned the type of test her partner had taken. Since the test was a lateral flow test, he could not come in. “This was at two in the morning, I was ready to go into labour. I burst into tears since he could not come in. Everyone was in lockdown. My family were isolating. What do I do?”.

However, an opportunity was given to Steph to allow her sister in the delivery suite with her, as her sister did not have symptoms. The NHS claims that a birth partner is allowed in if they do not have symptoms.

But after all the fear, confusion, and 15 hours of pain in labour, baby Teddy was born.

The mother and her new born baby (**with permission to use**)

Yet due to the mother having COVID-19, the baby also had the virus which as a result, “was put on a register, which I think carefully measures him in case any future health problems happen to him as a result of COVID-19”. The Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists reports that if you have the virus, it is “unlikely to cause problems with your baby’s development, and there have been no reports of this so far”. Looking back at her first chapter of a mother, Steph acknowledges that it was challenging0. The baby is in good health, and so is she.

However, a message the mother has to new upcoming mothers is “to do not worry”.

“It was all worth it in the end”.

[Image is owned by Natalia Deriabina and was purchased from Shutterstock]

Global Freedom Protests call for an end to Covid restrictions and mandatory vaccination passports

Hundreds of thousands of Freedom Protestors line cities across the globe – But did you see it?

If you’re a Twitter user you’ve undoubtedly seen the platform light up over the last 24hours with photographs and video footage of the Freedom protests occurring in major cities across the globe yesterday.

In cities across Australia, Germany, Canada, USA, UK, Japan Belgium, Poland, India, Netherlands France, Switzerland, Sweden, South Africa, Brazil, Turkey, Mexico, Luxembourg, Norway, Iran, Jamaica, Greece, Portugal, Spain & Italy, hundreds of thousands of protestors took to the cities to protest for ‘freedom’.

 

The worldwide Demonstration 2021, was led with collaboration from multiple organisations across the globe all with a common goal – to take a stand for freedom of speech, freedom of movement, freedom of choice, freedom of assembly, and freedom of health (worldwidedemonstration.com).

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The objectives are defined – an end to “excessive and unlawful coronavirus restrictions”, “unreasonable and tyrannical suppression of dissent by police forces”, a stop to the destruction of the livelihoods and freedoms of the people caused by “lockdown and border closures”. They protest for the end of “mask mandates”, to put a stop to mandatory “coronavirus vaccinations (which are) being rolled out internationally” and an end to “media propaganda”(worldwidedemonstration.com).

Hundreds of thousands of protestors marched and demonstrated for their rights and freedoms, with organisers urging their followers to reject all acts of violence and discrimination and to assemble in the major cities, peacefully.

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This comes only 4 days after the U.K’s Freedom Day (July 19th) – a day on which all Covid restrictions were lifted and life as we knew it was to return to some degree of normality. However, the day was short-lasting, being overshadowed by the announcement that Covid vaccine passports would be made mandatory for entry into nightclubs and other venues with large crowds from September 2021. And London mayor Sadiq Khan challenging government policy by ordering compulsory mask-wearing on all buses, tubes, and trams across London. All this raising the question as to whether it was freedom day at all.  Sacha Lord, night time economy advisor for Greater Manchester, stated on Monday “the whole industry has been taken by surprise by this measure“.  Raising his own concerns regarding the potential discrimination against individuals that cannot have vaccination due to medical conditions, age or simply by their personal choice, Sacha Lord stated, “with this one move, the Government appears to have wiped out live gigs for a whole generation”.

The international protests continued peacefully across major cities yesterday, including here in the UK, – Manchester, London, Leeds, Birmingham, Plymouth, Canterbury, Scarborough, Hull, Norwich and Bristol, Cardiff, and Northern Ireland (worldwidedemonstration.com) – all with limited coverage by large mainstream media corporations.

Can this volume of protestors across the globe with a collective voice and mutual values, be ignored?  Whether in agreement with the objectives of the protests or not, maybe it should open a dialogue for discussion of these points and what we, as a society are willing to accept as our ‘new normal’.

What do you think? We’d love to hear your views!

 

 

Britney Spears wants to charge her father over her conservatorship

Britney Spears has expressed to US courts she wants to charge her father for abuse over her conservatorship.

The Independent reported that star has stated: “I would like to charge my father with conservatorship abuse… I want to press charges against my father today. I want an investigation into my dad”.

Her speech followed the decision of the US courts to allow the icon to have her own chosen lawyer – a decision that is a milestone for Spears as her conservatorship limits her control over what she can do, and her decisions.

Britney’s previous lawyer, Samuel Ingham, was appointed by her father due to the conservatorship. Nevertheless, he has requested to step down as soon as the star can appoint her lawyer. This has now been officially approved.

The Independent claims that Matthew Rosengart – “a former federal prosecutor… who now works for a top-tier Hollywood law firm” – has been asked to represent Spears, and her legal counsel in court.

In addition to the milestone for her, Britney posted a video of herself having fun on Instagram, which she and her model and fitness trainer boyfriend Sam Asghari commented “#freebritney”. This is the hashtag used for a campaign – created by her own fans – in order to help her be released from the conservatorship.

 

View this post on Instagram

 

A post shared by Britney Spears (@britneyspears)

This is the first time she has acknowledged the campaign.

A-listers such as Madonna, Christina Aguilera, Mariah Carey, and Miley Cyrus have all been vocal about her conservatorship, each expressing for her to be released.

Spears was appointed the conservatorship after her public breakdown due to her constant harassment from the media and the public 13 years ago in 2008.

Her father Jamie Spears was granted conservator, meaning he has full control of the star’s financial affairs.

The Los Angeles Times reports that her dad “has the power to negotiate business opportunities, sell her property and restrict her visitors. He can file for restraining orders against those he believes threaten his daughter’s stability”.

The BBC reported that if the court rules in Britney’s favour that her father has abused her relating to the conservatorship, then her father could be “removed/suspended and may face financial penalties such as reimbursement payments and legal costs”.

Read more about Britney and her conservatorship here.

[Image is owned by Dooley Productions and was purchased from Shutterstock]

Do you believe in ghosts?

Do you believe in ghosts? Here are some of the scariest and unexplainable stories posted on Reddit

Believing in ghosts is a personal choice –  a choice that divides many of us in a similar way religion or politics does. According to a 2017 British survey of 1,347 respondents, 39% of respondents aged 18 to 34, and 35% of respondents aged 35 to 54 believe in ghosts, ghouls, or other types of paranormal activity. Furthermore, one in four Americans believes in ghosts, demons, or other supernatural beings.

Even if people do not believe in ghosts, many people experience unexplainable moments in their lives. Vast amount people who have experienced unexplainable moments – (whether that involves ghosts or not), have posted the experience on popular online platform Reddit – the 19th most popular website worldwide according to Alexa.

 

Here are some of the creepiest, unexplainable posts on Reddit:

A love story

_Black_Dahlia has posted a story on Reddit regarding her great grandparents “who were madly I love”. The user conveys that her great-grandmother sadly watched her great-grandfather die, and thus used to say each day “damn it” waiting for her time to pass.

One day, the user’s great-aunts heard on a baby monitor “John, finally! Why are you always late?”. They went to check on her 10 minutes later, only to find her passed away. The user explains “she was just waiting for her husband, [who was named John] to come get her”.

You’re not supposed to play with guns

User Kabekew has explored on Reddit that the user during his childhood went to a family reunion. The family reunion took place in an old victorian house, and the user was the only child. Exploring the house, they found a library with a bedroom at the back. The child started to play in the room, when suddenly he heard a child say “you’re not supposed to play with guns, Bill”. The user was not called Bill and was not playing with guns. Next, the child asked his relatives if there any children in the house, to which they replied “no”.

However, recalling the incident as a teenager, his mother expressed that his father was called Bill, and killed someone in that house with a gun. Moreover, 40 years later his great-aunt expressed that his father killed someone in the exact same library.

 

The security guard

User throwoutzzzz794 has explained her story of an unusual experience during a time she was working. The user expressed she had to stay up very late, since she had to leave early the day after. This was doable, as the office had security guard that’s “required to make rounds every couple of hours just to make sure things are fine”. During the night, the security guard who was deemed “really nice” stops by the lady to check on her. He asks with a “big friendly grin” on his face “Everything alright?”. The lady replies, but 20 minutes later, he’s returns with the same grin asking, “Everything alright?”. Thinking nothing of it, the lady continues her work. However, another 20 minutes later the security guard returns with the same grin and the same question. As she started to get creeped out, the lady noticed that his interactions are always the same “as if I were in a time loop. Same big grin, same intonation, same rhythm of speech”. In addition, the security guard whistles repetitively, so she could hear his whistling as he was coming back. The woman get’s creeped out and finally decides to leave but as soon as she leaves the door, she hears “bye now” – the security guard is in the hall behind her with the big grin.

As she returned to work the day after, the security guard went missing, and is still missing to this day. She confirmed that it “felt like something had “taken over” inside of him”.


Always trust your intuition 

Reddit user simonsdotter has shared an uncomfortable experience they experienced when they were 19 in 1994. The user was waiting early at a café to get on the ferry as they were visiting their father. The café was full of truck drivers, which she soon released she “was the only woman there”. The Redditor expressed that there was a 40ish-year-old man, with ice-blue eyes and tattoos “eyeing [her]…from across the room”. The woman walked away and decided to act busy and unnoticed looking at her ticket, which suddenly the man snatched the ticket from her hand and stated in a voice that was “jovial flattery and hidden hostility”, “I’m on the same boat. I’ll have hours of your company then, how lovely”. The woman trusted her intuition that she may be in “grave danger” and hid in the female bathroom. This resulted in her missing the ferry.

However, little did she know that the ferry sank in the Baltic Sea that night, resulting in 852 deaths, “resulting in the worst ferry catastrophe to strike Sweden to this day”.

Is taking a photo a good idea?

Reddit uses OopySpoopyman posted on Reddit that they heard taps and noises from their kitchen. The user uploaded a photo on the platform 7 months ago, which if you look carefully, the image shows a shadow in the distance. The image can be seen below:

The Smiling man

Reddit user u/blue_tidal has shared their story of where they were chased by a smiling man. The user expressed that he was walking home one night when suddenly he noticed “the silhouette of a man, dancing” strangely like an old-fashioned waltz. However, the man – who consistently kept his head facing the sky and smiling- was dancing towards the user which nervously, the user crossed the street. The man fixated his eyes on the man, who also crossed the street indicating they were on the same path again. The smiling men then continued to dance towards the user quickly, which the user claims they just stood “completely frozen as the smiling man crept” forward. As weird as ever, the smiling man slowly started to dance backward. Relieved, the person watched the dancer go but suddenly, the smiling man started running towards the user who “ran until [they were] off of the side road and back onto a better lit road with sparse traffic”.

After that, the smiling man was “nowhere to be found”.

 

 

 

 

 

[Image belongs to guidopiano, purchased by Shutterstock]

[All information has been taken from Reddit users public posts]

Adverts that got it wrong – some of the most politically incorrect adverts

2021 – A time which political correctness is at its highest point

 

To be politically correct means to avoid ways of discrimination towards groups of people (women, ethnic minorities, the LGBT+ community, immigrants…) who are socially disadvantaged or discriminated against. A study conducted by Pew Research has concluded that 53% of respondents believe that people are too easily offended by what other say. Contrarily, 44% of respondents believe people should be careful of what they say to avoid discrimination towards minority groups.  

 

Often, television adverts are common to reflect directors’ views on minorities, and society’s outdated values. Here are some of the most politically incorrect adverts to ever have been shown on UK television.

 

Here are some of the most politically incorrect British television adverts:

 

Yorkie Advert – “It’s not for girls”

 

The chocolate bar Yorkie has always had a representation for being sexist. To be sexist is to be stereotypical, prejudicial, or discriminatory against a specific sex – typically against women. The chocolate bar – which is created by Nestle, a Swizz chocolate company – previously catered the chocolate bar’s target audience towards men. The wrapper adopted a remark which was noted to be sexist in 2001, eventually stopping in 2011. The wrapper explicitly stated, “it’s not for girls”.

Despite the wrapper of the chocolate bar being noted to be sexist, an advert caused further controversy due to sexism. The advert showcased a woman, who disguised in masculine workers clothes, trying to buy a Yorkie bar from a shop owner. The shop owner pursues to test her to see if she is a man or a woman by asking a variety of questions, such as explain the offside rule.

 

Pot Noodle Advert – “the sl*g of all snacks” and “the horn”

 

Pot Noodle advertisements are also reputed to be extremely politically incorrect, with many of their advertisements having been banned from television. Similar to the Yorkie bar, the popular British instant noodle snack has previously used politically incorrect marketing. The company has previously labelled the snack “the sl*g of all snacks”, an incredibly offensive word, which offended many people. Countless complaints were submitted, which lead to the withdrawal of the campaign.

Despite the offensive label, the company also produced a television advert that was deemed sexist. The advert involved a man whose wife will only make him sandwiches. Because of this, the man walks through a red-light district, in search of someone else who make him a Pot Noodle. 

The Guardian claim that during 2002, the advertisement was the most complained campaign of the year, as it reached “a record [of] 310 people contacte[ing]d the ITC to complain about the use of the word “sl*g”.

In addition, another advert created by Pot Noodle shown obvious sexual innuendos that were showcased before the national watershed that is 9 PM.

 

Pepsi advert – Pepsi protest advert

American company Pepsi faced huge backlash in 2017, due to an advert that was focusing on selling a soft drink during a protest. Starring model Kendal Jenner, people were quick to react due to the “blindness” of the advertisement, as protests are a common way of minority groups standing up against the current political system.

The advert shows Kendal Jenner being herself – a model – in which she walks through a protest that contains a mixture of minorities (ethnic minorities, religious minorities, sexual minorities…). Furthermore, Jenner finally opens the soft drink and hands it to a police officer which the protesters cheer in support of.

Many people disapproved of the advert, as it was showcased during the Black Lives Matter movement – a controversial movement in America over police brutality towards ethnic minorities. The advert was instantly pulled by Pepsi, with the company conveying “Pepsi was trying to project a global a message of unity, peace, and understanding”. Moreover, the model also received backlash in which she apologied as well.

 

[Image is owned by Concept Photo and purchased by Shutterstock]